研究・産官学連携_RSSトピックスリスト(英) https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/rss/research_topicslist.rss 研究・産官学連携_RSSトピックスリスト(英) en Copyright(C) Doshisha University All Rights Reserved. Thu, 22 Feb 2024 09:10:31 +0900 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss [Research News] Chemical Synthesis Using Titanium Dioxide: An Eco-Friendly and Innovative Approach
HitomiFig_outline.png Chemical Synthesis Transformed by Solar Light: An Eco-Friendly and Innovative Approach with Titanium Dioxide
A team of researchers now present an eco-friendly and innovative approach for the blue light-promoted synthesis of heterocyclic thiochromenopyrroledione derivatives catalyzed by titanium dioxide.

Hitomi Yutaka, a Professor, and Pijush Kanti Roy, a Ph.D. candidate, both from the Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, and their research team propose a new titanium dioxide-catalyzed strategy for synthesizing thiochromenopyrroledione derivatives in blue light.

Thiochromenopyrroledione derivatives, while not yet recognized as a primary structure in pharmaceuticals, contain sulfur, an element frequently found in many drugs, indicating their potential in medicinal applications. Recently, the researchers demonstrated that the blue-light irradiation of 4-substituted thioanisoles and N-substituted maleimides with titanium dioxide as a photocatalyst led to a dual carbon–carbon bond formation reaction. The study presents titanium dioxide as an eco-friendly catalyst for thiochromenopyrroledione derivatives synthesis and advances innovative methods for organic synthesis.


Reference

Kanti Roy P., Okunaka S., Tokudome H., Hitomi Y. Blue Light-Promoted Synthesis of Thiochromenopyrroledione Derivatives via Titanium Dioxide-Catalyzed Dual Carbon–Carbon Bond Formation with Thioanisole and Maleimide Derivatives (2023) Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis
DOI: 10.1002/adsc.202301021

For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Chemical Synthesis Using Titanium Dioxide: An Eco-Friendly and Innovative Approach

Image Credit: Professor Yutaka Hitomi from Doshisha University
License type: Original content
Usage restrictions: Cannot be used without permission.




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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/detail/001-EntwCy.html Spotlights Mon, 01 Jan 2024 14:00:00 +0900
Doshisha Business School Acquires International Accreditation from AMBA!
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Doshisha Business School Acquires International Accreditation from AMBA!

Doshisha Business School (DBS, Graduate School of Business) has obtained international accreditation for its MBA program from AMBA (The Association of MBAs: United Kingdom) on October 18, 2023. Established in 1967 in the UK, AMBA is one of the three most prestigious international accreditation bodies in the world, alongside AACSB (The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business: United States) and EFMD (The European Foundation for Management Development: Belgium). As of October 2023, only about 2% of business schools worldwide, totaling 305 schools, have obtained international accreditation from AMBA. This achievement by Doshisha Business School marks only the fourth Business School in Japan to achieve AMBA accreditation, also making it the first AMBA accredited Business School in the Kansai region. Doshisha Business School (DBS) has formally established its world-class educational quality and research activities through the accreditation evaluation process by such a respected international third party. This international accreditation certifies that the education provided by DBS embodies the spirit of conscientious education and leverages the wisdom that blends Kyoto's tradition and innovation, nurturing leaders possessing high levels of integrity who can also contribute to the sustainable development of economies and societies globally. DBS will continue to utilize AMBA's global network to constantly improve the quality of education that is offered and aim to continue to improve the value that it provides to its students and alumni. Through its unique MBA program, offered in both Japanese and English, DBS promises to nurture leaders who will forge a new era and contribute to the creation of a better society.

AMBA Homepage

Doshisha Business School (DBS, Graduate School of Business) Homepage

日本語 HP

English HP


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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/detail/001-DAMWRq.html Spotlights Wed, 20 Dec 2023 13:04:54 +0900
[Research News] Reclaiming Carbon Fibers from Discarded Composite Materials
Image Proteostasis Carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRPs) as energy-efficient structural materials.
Thanks to their light weight yet remarkable strength, the use of CFRPs in the automobile, aerospace, and renewable energy industries is soaring. However, this means finding effective ways to recycle the waste generated by CFRPs is essential to ensure sustainability in the long term.

Kiyotaka Obunai, an Associate Professor, and Kazuya Okubo, a Professor, both from the Department of Mechanical and Systems Engineering of the Faculty of Science and Engineering, have investigated how using superheated steam can help preserve the properties of fibers recovered from waste carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) via thermal decomposition.The demand for CFRPs for aerospace, automotive, and renewable energy applications has recently skyrocketed, creating the need for efficient ways to recycle these composites. Their findings could open doors to more sustainable manufacturing processes and a reduced environmental impact in industries reliant on CFRPs, contributing to a greener future.

Reference
Obunai K., Okubo K. Mechanical characteristics of reclaimed carbon fibre under superheated steam atmosphere and its feasibility for remanufacturing CFRP/CFRTP (2024) Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 176, art. no. 107843
DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2023.107843


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Reclaiming Carbon Fibers from Discarded Composite Materials

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 16-NOV-2023: Reclaiming Carbon Fibers from Discarded Composite Materials


Image Credit: LunchboxLarry at Openverse
License type: CC BY 2.0


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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/detail/001-VM0Gy2.html Spotlights Thu, 16 Nov 2023 14:00:00 +0900
[Research News] Study Reveals Novel Therapeutic Target to Eliminate Unwanted and Misfolded Proteins
Image Proteostasis Schematic representation of NRF1-triggered activation of aggrephagy mediated by impaired proteasome activity
The ubiquitin‒proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy are protein degradation pathways essential for maintaining protein balance and regulation, or proteostasis (left panel). When proteasome activity decreases because of several reasons including chemical inhibitors and aging, the transcription factor NRF1 gets activated, leading to the upregulation of proteasome gene expression (“the proteasome bounce-back response;” middle panel). Furthermore, complete proteasome dysfunction activates NRF1-mediated aggrephagy, inducing the expression of the aggrephagy-related genes p62 and GABARAPL1 (right). These cellular responses help combat proteasome dysfunction by maintaining proteostasis.

Atsushi Hatanaka, a graduate student, and Akira Kobayashi, a professor, both from the Laboratory for Genetic Code, Graduate School of Life and Medical Sciences, and their research team discovered the hidden mechanism of "aggrephagy," with major implications for degenerative protein diseases.
In cells, the ubiquitin‒proteasome system (UPS) plays a key role in the elimination of unwanted or misfolded proteins. When UPS fails, cells activate a backup process called "aggrephagy" for clearing ubiquitin-tagged proteins. However, the associated mechanism behind this process remains unknown. Recently, Hatanaka, Kobayashi, and their colleagues have demonstrated how another protein called NRF1 facilitates aggrephagy, thereby providing new therapeutic targets for diseases resulting from misfolded proteins.
These findings pave the way toward developing novel therapeutics for degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and dementia with Lewy bodies.

Reference
Hatanaka A., Nakada S., Matsumoto G., Satoh K., Aketa I., Watanabe A., Hirakawa T., Tsujita T., Waku T., Kobayashi A. The transcription factor NRF1 (NFE2L1) activates aggrephagy by inducing p62 and GABARAPL1 after proteasome inhibition to maintain proteostasis (2023) Scientific Reports, 13 (1), art. no. 14405
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-41492-9

For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Study Reveals Novel Therapeutic Target to Eliminate Unwanted and Misfolded Proteins

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 4-OCT-2023 Study Reveals Novel Therapeutic Target to Eliminate Unwanted and Misfolded Proteins

Image Credit: Atsushi Hatanaka, Sota Nakada, Gen Matsumoto, Katsuya Satoh, Iori Aketa, Akira Watanabe, Tomoaki Hirakawa, Tadayuki Tsujita, Tsuyoshi Waku, and Akira Kobayashi
License type: CC BY 4.0




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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/detail/001-Jer1y7.html Spotlights Thu, 05 Oct 2023 10:34:06 +0900
[Research News] Unveiling the Science of Ultrasound-Driven Microbubble Desorption
TOC Molecular desorption from a microbubble under ultrasound irradiation.
The amount of molecular desorption can be estimated quantitatively by the proposed method.

A research team headed by Professor Daisuke Koyama and graduate student Ms. Reina Kobayashi, from the Faculty of Science and Engineering, reported, “novel measurement technique can help develop targeted therapeutic strategies that use microbubbles and ultrasound to deliver drugs to specific locations.”
Vascular drug therapies often lead to undesirable side effects on healthy tissues. Addressing this issue requires targeted drug delivery systems. They have recently developed an innovative approach for measuring the amount of molecules desorbed from the surface of individual microbubbles when irradiated with ultrasound. Using this technique, they analyzed the desorption process in detail, revealing insights that could enable the design of next-generation drug delivery systems based on drug-loaded microbubbles and ultrasound.

Reference
I Kobayashi R., Narita J., Nakaoka N., Krafft M.P., Koyama D. Quantitative estimation of phospholipid molecules desorbed from a microbubble surface under ultrasound irradiation (2023) Scientific Reports, 13 (1), art. no. 13693.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-40823-0

For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Unveiling the Science of Ultrasound-Driven Microbubble Desorption

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 21-SEP-2023 Unveiling the Science of Ultrasound-Driven Microbubble Desorption


Image Credit:Daisuke Koyama and Reina Kobayashi
License type: Original content




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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/detail/001-shhp5F.html Spotlights Thu, 21 Sep 2023 13:30:00 +0900
[Research News] Culture-friendly Therapies for Treating Anxiety and Depression in Japanese Youth
How is cognitive-behavioral therapy applied to young people in Japan?
An example of a comic strip used in culturally adapted cognitive-behavioral therapy for Japanese youth.

Shin-ichi Ishikawa, professor at the Faculty of Psychology, and his colleagues summarize how cognitive-behavioral therapies have been successfully adapted and implemented for youth in Japan.
Although cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT) have grown in popularity globally, they face barriers to implementation outside Western countries. In a new article, Ishikawa and his colleagues discuss that CBT is being successfully used to treat anxiety disorder and depression among the country’s youth. They also identified the most successful CBT programs and specific strategies for implementing CBT programs in non-Western cultures to improve the quality of life of youth suffering from mental illnesses.

Reference
Ishikawa, Si., Kishida, K., Takahashi, T. et al. Cultural Adaptation and Implementation of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychosocial Interventions for Anxiety and Depression in Japanese Youth. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 26, 727–750 (2023).
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-023-00446-3

For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Culture-friendly Therapies for Treating Anxiety and Depression in Japanese Youth

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 7-SEP-2023 Culture-friendly Therapies for Treating Anxiety and Depression in Japanese Youth

Image Credit:Shin-ichi Ishikawa and Yoko Kamio
Image Source Link to be added in the Image Credit Section of EA form: http://mentalhealthprogram.jp/
License type: Original content




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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/detail/001-RguwAb.html Spotlights Fri, 08 Sep 2023 13:26:15 +0900
[Research News] Father-child bonding and its impact on pediatric developmental outcomes
Figure_Kato et al Paternal childcare and its positive impacts on the child’s socio-physical development
Adjusted risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals for the associations of paternal involvement in childcare.

Dr. Tsuguhiko Kato, Researcher, and Dr. Shoji Itakura, Fellow Professor and Director at the Center for Baby Science at Doshisha University, and their colleagues showed the importance of paternal involvement in infant care and its key developmental impacts among Japanese children.
The extent of paternal involvement in childcare has been historically restricted in Japan because of the ingrained gender-based division of labor. However, recent trends show a paradigm shift in paternal parenting attitudes across Japan. A recent study examines paternal care among 6-month-old Japanese infants and its impact on various developmental outcomes at the age of 3 years. The study also assessed the impact of reduction of maternal parenting stress on childcare outcomes.

Reference
Kato T., Fujii M., Kanatani K., Niwa F., Hirabayashi K., Nakayama T., Itakura S., et al. (2023) Paternal involvement in infant care and developmental milestone outcomes at age 3 years: the Japan Environment and Children’s Study (JECS). Pediatr Res.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41390-023-02723-x


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Father-child bonding and its impact on pediatric developmental outcomes

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 24-AUG-2023 Father-child bonding and its impact on pediatric developmental outcomes 


Image Credit: Tsuguhiko Kato from Doshisha University
Image Source Link to be added in the Image Credit Section of EA form: n/a
License type: Original content




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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/detail/001-DK0noP.html Spotlights Mon, 28 Aug 2023 15:41:44 +0900
[Research News] Smart yet Simple – Creating Uniform DNA-encapsulating Microgels that Mimic a Living Cell

[Research News] Smart yet Simple – Creating Uniform DNA-encapsulating Microgels that Mimic a Living Cell

Related Categories
Updated Jun. 26, 2023
Mayu Shono, PhD student, Akihisa Shioi, Professor at the Faculty of Science and Engineering, and their colleagues devise a new method for producing cell-sized microgel structures using water/water phase separation.
Real-world models that mimic living cells can be invaluable in studying their complex structure and assembly. Microdroplets that entrap biological materials are a prototype of these models, which can be generated using synthetic processes but are expensive, time-consuming, and experimentally demanding. Shioi and his team have now used water/water phase separation to produce uniform gelatin-based cell mimetics called “microgels”, which can contribute towards the smart manufacturing of food, cosmetics, and medicines.

Reference
Shono, M., Honda, G., Yanagisawa, M., Yoshikawa, K. and Shioi, A. (2023), Spontaneous Formation of Uniform Cell-Sized Microgels through Water/Water Phase Separation. Small 2302193.
https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.202302193


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News:Smart yet Simple – Creating Uniform DNA-encapsulating Microgels that Mimic a Living Cell

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 23-JUN-2023, Smart yet simple – creating uniform DNA-encapsulating microgels that mimic a living cell

Spontaneous formation of uniform cell-sized microgels inside a glass capillary is reported.

By adapting aqueous polymer solution containing DNA, droplets entrapping DNA are generated in a self-organized manner through micro phase-separation, and these droplets are transformed into gel state by decreasing the temperature. The microgels are easily extruded into bulk water, maintaining their size.
Image Credit: Akihisa Shioi from Doshisha University
Image Source Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/cms/asset/f9e61815-bbf5-4c11-a509-e0ee212d68c8/smll202302193-gra-0001-m.jpg
License type: CC BY-NC 4.0

Mayu Shono, PhD student, Akihisa Shioi, Professor at the Faculty of Science and Engineering, and their colleagues devise a new method for producing cell-sized microgel structures using water/water phase separation.
Real-world models that mimic living cells can be invaluable in studying their complex structure and assembly. Microdroplets that entrap biological materials are a prototype of these models, which can be generated using synthetic processes but are expensive, time-consuming, and experimentally demanding. Shioi and his team have now used water/water phase separation to produce uniform gelatin-based cell mimetics called “microgels”, which can contribute towards the smart manufacturing of food, cosmetics, and medicines.

Reference
Shono, M., Honda, G., Yanagisawa, M., Yoshikawa, K. and Shioi, A. (2023), Spontaneous Formation of Uniform Cell-Sized Microgels through Water/Water Phase Separation. Small 2302193.
https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.202302193


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News:Smart yet Simple – Creating Uniform DNA-encapsulating Microgels that Mimic a Living Cell

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 23-JUN-2023, Smart yet simple – creating uniform DNA-encapsulating microgels that mimic a living cell
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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/2023/0626/news-detail-1376.html Spotlights Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0900
[Research News] Dialogues across language and culture: Contextualizing theories of classroom dialogue in language education

[Research News] Dialogues across language and culture: Contextualizing theories of classroom dialogue in language education

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Updated Jun. 16, 2023
Roehl Sybing, Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Global Communications, recently published a book that looks at classroom dialogue from multiple angles, exploring numerous discussions in research and pedagogy. What role does the students’ first language play in the language classroom? How do teachers mitigate classroom power dynamics to empower students and validate their knowledge? How does the negotiation of meaning in dialogue affect the knowledge being taught in the classroom? These questions and more deserve greater focus in the scholarship on language teaching, leading Dr. Sybing to discuss these issues in extensive detail in his newest book.

Reference
Sybing, R. (2023). Dialogue in the Language Classroom: Theory and Practice from a Classroom Discourse Analysis (1st ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003316480


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News:Dialogues across language and culture

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 15-JUN-2023, Dialogues across language and culture

Image of Dr. Sybing
Roehl Sybing, Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Global Communications, recently published a book that looks at classroom dialogue from multiple angles, exploring numerous discussions in research and pedagogy. What role does the students’ first language play in the language classroom? How do teachers mitigate classroom power dynamics to empower students and validate their knowledge? How does the negotiation of meaning in dialogue affect the knowledge being taught in the classroom? These questions and more deserve greater focus in the scholarship on language teaching, leading Dr. Sybing to discuss these issues in extensive detail in his newest book.

Reference
Sybing, R. (2023). Dialogue in the Language Classroom: Theory and Practice from a Classroom Discourse Analysis (1st ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003316480


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News:Dialogues across language and culture

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 15-JUN-2023, Dialogues across language and culture
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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/2023/0616/news-detail-1372.html Spotlights Fri, 16 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0900
[Research News] Can Phrases Like ‘Isn’t it?’ or ‘Right?’ Compromise Classroom Learning? New Study Answers

[Research News] Can Phrases Like ‘Isn’t it?’ or ‘Right?’ Compromise Classroom Learning? New Study Answers

Related Categories
Updated May 31, 2023
Mika Ishino, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Global and Regional Studies, noted that the use of interrogative tags such as ‘isn’t it?’ and ‘right?’ by the teachers can limit student involvement and learning.
Teachers often repeat a student’s answer followed by an interrogative tag such as ‘you know’, ‘isn’t it’, and ‘right?’, to ensure that students feel like a collective during a classroom discussion. A new study by Ishino explored the use of ‘ne’, a term with similar meaning as these interrogative tags, that are commonly used by Japanese teachers. The study found that using this strategy can often limit the response of some students and prevent follow-up questions.

Reference
Mika Ishino (2023) Inclusive third-turn repeats: managing or constraining students’ epistemic status?, Classroom Discourse, DOI: 10.1080/19463014.2023.2190033
https://doi.org/10.1080/19463014.2023.2190033


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News:Can Phrases Like ‘Isn’t it?’ or ‘Right?’ Compromise Classroom Learning? New Study Answers

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 31-MAY-2023, Can phrases like ‘isn’t it?’ or ‘right?’ compromise classroom learning? New study answers

While teachers use the third-turn repeat strategy to encourage student inclusion, it might silence curiosity.

While teachers use the third-turn repeat strategy to encourage student inclusion, it might silence curiosity.
Image courtesy: Mika Ishino
Usage restrictions: No restrictions Image license: Original content

Mika Ishino, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Global and Regional Studies, noted that the use of interrogative tags such as ‘isn’t it?’ and ‘right?’ by the teachers can limit student involvement and learning.
Teachers often repeat a student’s answer followed by an interrogative tag such as ‘you know’, ‘isn’t it’, and ‘right?’, to ensure that students feel like a collective during a classroom discussion. A new study by Ishino explored the use of ‘ne’, a term with similar meaning as these interrogative tags, that are commonly used by Japanese teachers. The study found that using this strategy can often limit the response of some students and prevent follow-up questions.

Reference
Mika Ishino (2023) Inclusive third-turn repeats: managing or constraining students’ epistemic status?, Classroom Discourse, DOI: 10.1080/19463014.2023.2190033
https://doi.org/10.1080/19463014.2023.2190033


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News:Can Phrases Like ‘Isn’t it?’ or ‘Right?’ Compromise Classroom Learning? New Study Answers

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NEWS RELEASE 31-MAY-2023, Can phrases like ‘isn’t it?’ or ‘right?’ compromise classroom learning? New study answers
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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/2023/0531/news-detail-1365.html Spotlights Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0900
[Research News] “Moe” Than Just Advertisement: Reflections on the Use of Anime Characters for Tourism Promotion

[Research News] “Moe” Than Just Advertisement: Reflections on the Use of Anime Characters for Tourism Promotion

Related Categories
Updated May 17, 2023
Yasuhito Abe, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Social Studies, has found that using anime moe characters in tourism promotion may have adverse effects.
The use of anime characters in marketing is common in Japan. The strategy exploits people’s affection, or moe toward characters to sell goods and services. A recent study by Abe investigated the use of moe characters in regional promotion content for the Chita Peninsula of Japan. The study found that moe-based promotion strategies encourage simplistic views of a region’s rich history, objectification of women, and harmful heteronormative notions of masculinity.


Reference
Abe, Y. (2023). More than just the regional promotion in Japan: The case of Chita Musume. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 26(3), 326–342.
https://doi.org/10.1177/13678779231160568


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: "Moe" Than Just Advertisement: Reflections on the Use of Anime Characters for Tourism Promotion

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 17-MAY-2023, "Moe" than just advertisement: reflections on the use of anime characters for tourism promotion

Moe characters have long been employed in product marketing and tourism promotion in Japan

Now, a study has found that the use of these characters may perpetuate harmful stereotypes about women and promote heteronormative notions of masculinity.
Image Credit: jsks from Wikimedia Commons
Image Source Link to be added in the Image Credit Section of EA form: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Red_suit_anime_girl_temple.png
License type: CC0 1.0.

Yasuhito Abe, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Social Studies, has found that using anime moe characters in tourism promotion may have adverse effects.
The use of anime characters in marketing is common in Japan. The strategy exploits people’s affection, or moe toward characters to sell goods and services. A recent study by Abe investigated the use of moe characters in regional promotion content for the Chita Peninsula of Japan. The study found that moe-based promotion strategies encourage simplistic views of a region’s rich history, objectification of women, and harmful heteronormative notions of masculinity.


Reference
Abe, Y. (2023). More than just the regional promotion in Japan: The case of Chita Musume. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 26(3), 326–342.
https://doi.org/10.1177/13678779231160568


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: "Moe" Than Just Advertisement: Reflections on the Use of Anime Characters for Tourism Promotion

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 17-MAY-2023, "Moe" than just advertisement: reflections on the use of anime characters for tourism promotion
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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/2023/0517/news-detail-1363.html Spotlights Wed, 17 May 2023 00:00:00 +0900
[Research News] Novel Sustainable Electrochemical Method Converts Carbon Dioxide into Carbonaceous Materials

[Research News] Novel Sustainable Electrochemical Method Converts Carbon Dioxide into Carbonaceous Materials

Related Categories
Updated May 16, 2023
Takuya Goto, Professor of Graduate School of Science and Engineering and Yuta Suzuki, Assistant Professor of Harris Science Research Institute, have developed a new method for the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) using high-temperature molten salts.
Nations across the globe are striving relentlessly to reduce their net carbon footprint, and efforts are currently being undertaken worldwide to reduce greenhouse gases, including CO2. To this end, a research team from Doshisha University has recently developed a novel method for converting CO2 into useful and commercially viable carbonaceous materials, such as multi-walled carbon nanotubes, with the help of sustainable electrochemistry.

Reference
Yuta Suzuki, Tsubasa Takeda, Takuya Goto, Direct electrochemical formation of carbonaceous material from CO2 in LiCl-KCl melt, Electrochimica Acta, Volume 456, 2023, 142464.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2023.142464


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Novel Sustainable Electrochemical Method Converts Carbon Dioxide into Carbonaceous Materials

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 15-MAY-2023, https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/989089

Schematic model depicting the stepwise formation of multi-walled carbon nanotube on a nickel substrate

In light of the growing concerns surrounding global warming and carbon footprint, researchers from Japan came up with a technique that could contribute to the development of eco-friendly and sustainable carbon recycling.
Image credit: Takuya Goto from Doshisha University, Japan
License type: CC BY 4.0

Takuya Goto, Professor of Graduate School of Science and Engineering and Yuta Suzuki, Assistant Professor of Harris Science Research Institute, have developed a new method for the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) using high-temperature molten salts.
Nations across the globe are striving relentlessly to reduce their net carbon footprint, and efforts are currently being undertaken worldwide to reduce greenhouse gases, including CO2. To this end, a research team from Doshisha University has recently developed a novel method for converting CO2 into useful and commercially viable carbonaceous materials, such as multi-walled carbon nanotubes, with the help of sustainable electrochemistry.

Reference
Yuta Suzuki, Tsubasa Takeda, Takuya Goto, Direct electrochemical formation of carbonaceous material from CO2 in LiCl-KCl melt, Electrochimica Acta, Volume 456, 2023, 142464.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2023.142464


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Novel Sustainable Electrochemical Method Converts Carbon Dioxide into Carbonaceous Materials

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 15-MAY-2023, https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/989089
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Department of Research Planning
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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/2023/0516/news-detail-1362.html Spotlights Tue, 16 May 2023 00:00:00 +0900
[Research News] Changing one’s behavior in different social interactions is child's play

[Research News] Changing one’s behavior in different social interactions is child's play

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Updated Mar. 24, 2023
Dr. Mitsuhiko Ishikawa, JSPS Research Fellow at Doshisha University Center for Baby Science, and his colleague propose a new cognitive framework explaining how infants modulate their behavior as per the social context.
Social interaction with other humans is a pivotal part of our development and survival. Even infants modulate their social behavior according to their social situation. Dr. Ishikawa now suggests that infants change their behavior to achieve the most favorable outcome in a particular social context. Accordingly, the researchers propose an ‘action value calculator model’ that describes the cognitive mechanisms behind how infants decide to behave during social interactions.

Reference
Mitsuhiko Ishikawa, Atsushi Senju, (2023) Action value calculations in social context from infancy,
Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 227-229, ISSN 1364-6613,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2022.12.005


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Changing One’s Behavior in Different Social Interactions is Child's Play

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 20-MAR-2023, Changing one’s behavior in different social interactions is child's play

A new cognitive study has proposed an action value calculator model to explain how infants modulate their social behaviors based on the social context.

IMAGE: A new cognitive study has proposed an action value calculator model to explain how infants modulate their social behaviors based on the social context.
CREDIT: Mitsuhiko ISHIKAWA, Doshisha University, Japan

Dr. Mitsuhiko Ishikawa, JSPS Research Fellow at Doshisha University Center for Baby Science, and his colleague propose a new cognitive framework explaining how infants modulate their behavior as per the social context.
Social interaction with other humans is a pivotal part of our development and survival. Even infants modulate their social behavior according to their social situation. Dr. Ishikawa now suggests that infants change their behavior to achieve the most favorable outcome in a particular social context. Accordingly, the researchers propose an ‘action value calculator model’ that describes the cognitive mechanisms behind how infants decide to behave during social interactions.

Reference
Mitsuhiko Ishikawa, Atsushi Senju, (2023) Action value calculations in social context from infancy,
Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 227-229, ISSN 1364-6613,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2022.12.005


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Changing One’s Behavior in Different Social Interactions is Child's Play

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 20-MAR-2023, Changing one’s behavior in different social interactions is child's play
Contact
Department of Research Planning
Telephone : +81-774-65-8256
Fax : +81-774-65-7757
E-mail:ji-knkak@mail.doshisha.ac.jp
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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/2023/0324/news-detail-1353.html Spotlights Fri, 24 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0900
[Research News] Links between maternal autonomy support and controlling parenting and adolescents’ depressive symptoms

[Research News] Links between maternal autonomy support and controlling parenting and adolescents’ depressive symptoms

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Updated Mar. 14, 2023
Prof. Ayumi TANAKA, Faculty of Psychology, and her team, probe the disharmony in mothers’ and adolescents’ perceptions of parenting behaviors and their possible independent influence on adolescents’ depressive symptoms.
While parenting behavior can significantly influence the mental development of adolescents, most studies on parenting behaviors rely only on adolescents’ perceptions. Moreover, these studies rarely focus on how parents’ and children’s perceptions of parenting affect adolescents’ basic psychological needs satisfaction. In a study, researchers from Doshisha University, Japan show how adolescents perceive parenting differently than their mothers, and how these differing perceptions ultimately predict their mental state, especially depressive symptoms.


Reference
Tanaka, A., Tamura, A., Ishii, R. et al. Longitudinal Association between Maternal Autonomy Support and Controlling Parenting and Adolescents’ Depressive Symptoms. J Youth Adolescence (2023).
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01722-1


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Links Between Maternal Autonomy Support and Controlling Parenting and Adolescents’ Depressive Symptoms

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 13-MAR-2023, Links between maternal autonomy support and controlling parenting and adolescents’ depressive symptoms

How do mothers’ and adolescents’ perceptions of parenting behaviors independently influence adolescents’ basic psychological need satisfaction and depressive symptoms?

IMAGE: How do mothers’ and adolescents’ perceptions of parenting behaviors independently influence adolescents’ basic psychological need satisfaction and depressive symptoms?
CREDIT: Ayumi Tanaka from Doshisha University

Prof. Ayumi TANAKA, Faculty of Psychology, and her team, probe the disharmony in mothers’ and adolescents’ perceptions of parenting behaviors and their possible independent influence on adolescents’ depressive symptoms.
While parenting behavior can significantly influence the mental development of adolescents, most studies on parenting behaviors rely only on adolescents’ perceptions. Moreover, these studies rarely focus on how parents’ and children’s perceptions of parenting affect adolescents’ basic psychological needs satisfaction. In a study, researchers from Doshisha University, Japan show how adolescents perceive parenting differently than their mothers, and how these differing perceptions ultimately predict their mental state, especially depressive symptoms.


Reference
Tanaka, A., Tamura, A., Ishii, R. et al. Longitudinal Association between Maternal Autonomy Support and Controlling Parenting and Adolescents’ Depressive Symptoms. J Youth Adolescence (2023).
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01722-1


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Links Between Maternal Autonomy Support and Controlling Parenting and Adolescents’ Depressive Symptoms

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 13-MAR-2023, Links between maternal autonomy support and controlling parenting and adolescents’ depressive symptoms
Contact
Department of Research Planning
Telephone : +81-774-65-8256
Fax : +81-774-65-7757
E-mail:ji-knkak@mail.doshisha.ac.jp
Contact Us
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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/2023/0314/news-detail-1352.html Spotlights Tue, 14 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0900
[Research News] Novel Synthetic Porphyrin as a Dual Antidote Against Fire Gas Poisoning

[Research News] Novel Synthetic Porphyrin as a Dual Antidote Against Fire Gas Poisoning

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Updated Feb. 22, 2023
Prof. Hiroaki Kitagishi, Faculty of Science and Engineering, and his collaborators, Dr. Qiyue Mao from Doshisha University, Dr. Xuansu Zhao from the Building Research Institute, Japan, Dr. Akiko Kiriyama from Doshisha Women's College of Liberal Arts, Japan, and Dr. Roberto Motterlini from University Paris Est Creteil, France, developed "hemoCD-Twins," the first effective therapeutic compound to overcome simultaneous carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide poisoning.
Building fires produce highly toxic gases such as carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen cyanide (HCN). Exposure to these toxins can be fatal. Unfortunately, therapeutic antidotes against simultaneous CO and HCN poisoning are lacking. Prof. Kitagishi's team invented a synthetic heme-model compound, "hemoCD-Twins," which is an emergency antidote for CO and HCN mixed gas poisoning. This compound shows an immediate antidotal effect, an 85% survival rate and rapid recovery, in a mouse model.

Reference
Qiyue Mao, Xuansu Zhao, Akiko Kiriyama, Shigeru Negi, Yasutaka Fukuda, Hideki Yoshioka, Akira T. Kawaguchi, Roberto Motterlini, Roberta Foresti, and Hiroaki Kitagishia, (2023) A Synthetic Porphyrin as an Effective Dual Antidote against Carbon Monoxide and Cyanide Poisoning., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2209924120.


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Novel Synthetic Porphyrin as a Dual Antidote Against Fire Gas Poisoning

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 20-FEB-2023, Novel synthetic porphyrin as a dual antidote against fire gas poisoning

A new heme compound acts known as “hemoCD-Twins”, which is a mixture of heme-model compounds, rapidly expels CO and HCN from the body, acting as a powerful antidote.

IMAGE: Highly toxic CO and HCN are simultaneously released during building fires. A new heme compound acts known as “hemoCD-Twins”, which is a mixture of heme-model compounds, rapidly expels CO and HCN from the body, acting as a powerful antidote.
CREDIT: Prof. Hiroaki Kitagishi

Prof. Hiroaki Kitagishi, Faculty of Science and Engineering, and his collaborators, Dr. Qiyue Mao from Doshisha University, Dr. Xuansu Zhao from the Building Research Institute, Japan, Dr. Akiko Kiriyama from Doshisha Women's College of Liberal Arts, Japan, and Dr. Roberto Motterlini from University Paris Est Creteil, France, developed "hemoCD-Twins," the first effective therapeutic compound to overcome simultaneous carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide poisoning.
Building fires produce highly toxic gases such as carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen cyanide (HCN). Exposure to these toxins can be fatal. Unfortunately, therapeutic antidotes against simultaneous CO and HCN poisoning are lacking. Prof. Kitagishi's team invented a synthetic heme-model compound, "hemoCD-Twins," which is an emergency antidote for CO and HCN mixed gas poisoning. This compound shows an immediate antidotal effect, an 85% survival rate and rapid recovery, in a mouse model.

Reference
Qiyue Mao, Xuansu Zhao, Akiko Kiriyama, Shigeru Negi, Yasutaka Fukuda, Hideki Yoshioka, Akira T. Kawaguchi, Roberto Motterlini, Roberta Foresti, and Hiroaki Kitagishia, (2023) A Synthetic Porphyrin as an Effective Dual Antidote against Carbon Monoxide and Cyanide Poisoning., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2209924120.


For more details, please see the website of Organization for Research Initiatives and Development, Doshisha University.
Research News: Novel Synthetic Porphyrin as a Dual Antidote Against Fire Gas Poisoning

This achievement has also been featured in the “EurekAlert!.”
NEWS RELEASE 20-FEB-2023, Novel synthetic porphyrin as a dual antidote against fire gas poisoning
Contact
Department of Research Planning
Telephone : +81-774-65-8256
Fax : +81-774-65-7757
E-mail:ji-knkak@mail.doshisha.ac.jp
Contact Us
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https://www.doshisha.ac.jp/en/news/2023/0222/news-detail-1346.html Spotlights Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0900