Using survey data on over 3,000 engineering employees of over 70 Japanese electronics firms, we address in general terms the question of whether innovation processes in Japanese corporations differs for cultural and institutional reasons from the corresponding processes in the West. We first hypothesize that patenting and publication activity by Japanese electronics engineers depends more on local, intrafirm communication and advice networks than the externally-oriented, boundary-spanning networks that drive innovation in Western economies. To use Henry Chesbrough’s popular dichotomy, Japan remains a bastion of “closed” innovation while the West - particularly in technology enclaves such as Silicon Valley and Cambridge UK - has embraced “open” innovation. We modify this hypothesis, however, for engineers whose commitment to the firm is high. As Lincoln and Kalleerg (1990) have shown, in part for cultural reasons commitment is a particularly important factor in employee effort and performance in Japan. Among high-commitment Japanese engineers only, our hypothesis is that boundary-spanning communications increase innovation productivity as they do in the West. We finally hypothesize that, due to the “groupism” (shudan-shugi) inherent in Japanese corporate culture, individual engineers’ personal communication networks contribute less to their innovation productivity than the networks of their peers (colleagues in the firm or department). In other words, innovation in Japan depends to a greater extent than in the West on collective communication and cooperation within the firm. Our empirical results provide strong support for some but not all of our hypotheses.
講師 Prof. James R. Lincolnのプロフィール：James R. Lincoln is Mitsubishi Bank Professor Emeritus at the Haas School of Business of the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author (with Michael Gerlach) of Japan’s Network Economy: Structure, Persistence, and Change (Cambridge University Press, 2004), (with Arne Kalleberg) Culture, Control, and Commitment: A Study of Work Organizations and Work Attitudes in the U. S. and Japan (Cambridge University Press, 1990), and numerous articles and chapters on Japanese business, network theory, and related topics in organization studies. His co-edited (with Asli Colpan and Takashi Hikino) The Oxford Handbook of Business Groups was published in 2010.
15:00～16:00 講演 16:00～16:30 質疑応答
The lecture and Q&A session are performed in English.
同志社大学室町キャンパス 寒梅館3階 KMB319
Prof. James R. Lincoln：Mitsubishi Bank Professor Emeritus,
Haas School of Business,
University of California, Berkeley
Visiting Professor of ITEC, Doshisha University Prof.